Breastfeeding for a year cuts cancer risk by a third - research
Published 20/03/2012 | 08:49
BREASTFEEDING for at least a year can cut the chances of developing breast cancer by a third in women with a strong family history of the disease.
Women carrying faulty genes have an almost three in four chance of developing breast cancer and feeding their babies naturally is one of the few ways they can reduce that risk, researchers have found.
A study has found that women carrying the BRCA1 gene were 32 per cent less likely to develop breast cancer if they breastfed for at least a year compared with women with the gene who didn't.
Women with the genetic faults are at such a high risk of breast cancer that many opt for preventive surgery, a double mastectomy, as they fear they are living with a time bomb.
The research conducted by the Women's Research Institute in Ontario, Canada, calculated that just five women with the BRCA 1 gene needed to breastfeed for a year to prevent one developing cancer.
However breastfeeding had no effect on the cancer risk for women carrying the BRCA2 gene, suggesting the way the two genes cause cancer are different.
Amongst the general population of healthy women, breastfeeding for a year reduces the risk of breast cancer by 4.3 per cent, the authors said.
Almost 6,000 women with the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes were included in the study, with around half having already been diagnosed with cancer.
The women were matched to each other as closely as possible, including number of births, age and body weight, giving 1665 pairs to be analysed.
The cancer sufferers had breastfed for an average of two months less than those without cancer.
It was calculated that breastfeeding for one year reduced the risk of cancer by 32 per cent and for two or more years cut it by almost half.
The researchers said each year of breastfeeding reduced the risk of breast cancer by 19 per cent.
Co author Dr Steven Narod, wrote in the journal BioMed Central: "These findings corroborate a protective role of breastfeeding on breast cancer risk for BRCA1.
"The lack of an association for BRCA2 mutation carriers suggests that the biological pathway for carcinogenesis is different for the two genes. Women with a BRCA mutation should be advised of the benefit of breastfeeding in terms of reducing breast cancer risk."