A third Irish university is using debt-collection agencies to recoup outstanding student fees.
The Irish Independent can reveal that Dublin City University (DCU) has hired debt collectors to track down students who have not paid their full student contribution fees.
It follows decisions by UCD and the University of Limerick to use similar methods.
DCU did not clarify if debt collectors are targeting currently enrolled students or former students or both.
And the university has not ruled out bringing students to court to get them to clear their bills if the debt collectors have no success.
Third-level students are currently paying annual contribution fees of €2,250 to their colleges and institutes of technology.
The payment covers the cost of student services and examinations.
DCU confirmed that they have hired a debt collection company. A DCU spokesperson said they use "a third party independent agency where necessary to follow up on outstanding amounts owing to the university".
"The third party agency operates under procedures and protocols agreed with the university.
"Prior to sending any outstanding amounts to the third party the university goes through a significant process of engagement with the students."