The road to crisis in the North
Published 11/09/2015 | 02:30
The political crisis that has engulfed Stormont, prompting First Minister Peter Robinson to stand down, was first sparked by the murder of well-known republican and former IRA commander Gerard "Jock" Davison in Belfast in May. Here is a timeline of significant events over the last five months.
May 5: Mr Davison (47) is shot dead at Welsh Street in the nationalist Markets area of Belfast as he walked to work. The senior republican backed Sinn Féin's peace process strategy following the 1998 Good Friday Agreement and was employed as a community development worker in his local neighbourhood. He was linked to the 2005 fight which led to the death of father-of-three Robert McCartney, in one of Northern Ireland's most notorious killings, but was never charged. His uncle, Terrence Davison, was later acquitted of the murder.
May 9: Funeral for Mr Davison is attended by a number of high-profile republicans, including Bobby Storey, Eddie Copeland and Brian Gillen. His coffin is draped in an Irish tricolour with a beret and gloves placed on top.
May 12: The Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) says murder investigation is "challenging", but rule out dissident republican or loyalist paramilitary involvement.
August 12: Former IRA man Kevin McGuigan (53) is gunned down close to his home at Comber Court in the Short Strand area of east Belfast. Mr McGuigan and Mr Davison had been embroiled in a long-running personal feud and he had been suspected by many within the republican community of involvement in the murder in May. There is widespread speculation Mr McGuigan was killed in a revenge attack carried out by Mr Davison's IRA associates.
August 13: Stormont's First Minister and Democratic Unionist leader Peter Robinson warns Sinn Féin it would face expulsion from the power-sharing Executive if the IRA was responsible for shooting Mr McGuigan. Sinn Féin vehemently rejects the suggestion of IRA involvement.
August 18: Four men, including IRA Shankill bomber Sean Kelly, are arrested by detectives investigating the killing of Mr McGuigan.
August 20: PSNI Detective Superintendent Kevin Geddes says he believes Provisional IRA members were involved in the murder of Mr McGuigan, alongside Action Against Drugs (AAD) - a group that includes former IRA members, dissident republicans and criminals. Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams rejects allegations of IRA involvement in the shooting and insists they left the stage in 2005. One of the arrested men - Patrick John Fitzpatrick (53), from the Lagmore area of Belfast - appears in court charged with possession of a weapon with intent to endanger life. The others detained were released.
August 22: PSNI Chief Constable George Hamilton says the IRA still exists, but is not on a "war footing". Following crunch talks with political figures, Mr Hamilton says IRA are committed to "promoting peaceful political republicanism". The police chief says he accepts SF bona fides.
August 23: Mr Adams tells National Hunger Strike commemoration in Dundalk the IRA "has gone away".
August 24: Northern Ireland Secretary Theresa Villiers says she is "not surprised" by police assessment that the IRA still exists, but says there is no evidence it is involved in terrorism.
August 25: Justice Minister Frances Fitzgerald orders a fresh assessment of Provisional IRA activity.
August 26: The Ulster Unionist Party - a minor partner in the Stormont coalition - announces its intention to resign from the Executive, claiming trust in Sinn Féin had been destroyed. Garda Commissioner Noirin O'Sullivan, insists the force had never denied the IRA still existed.
August 27: The DUP claims evidence of IRA activity is of sufficient strength to expel Sinn Féin from the Executive.
August 29: The UUP's ruling executive endorses the recommendation to withdraw from the Stormont Executive.
September 1: DUP leader Peter Robinson calls for a new monitoring body to be established to independently assess IRA activity. The UUP's sole Executive minister - Danny Kennedy - formally resigns.
September 3: British PM David Cameron and Taoiseach Enda Kenny order new talks in a bid to resolve the McGuigan murder crisis and other disputes, such as the impasse on the implementation of welfare reforms. PSNI chief Mr Hamilton said he would support any new paramilitary monitoring body.
September 4: The US administration urges politicians to seize the opportunity presented by the new talks.
September 7: As the Assembly returns from its summer recess, Mr Robinson says he will prevent any meetings of the Executive happening until the situation is addressed.
September 8: Ms Villiers convenes the cross-party negotiations but the UUP says it will only take part in discussions that focus on the IRA.
September 9: Senior republicans Mr Copeland, Mr Gillen and Mr Storey, who is Sinn Féin's northern chairman, are arrested in connection with the murder of Mr McGuigan. They bring to 16 the number arrested over the murder. Fitzpatrick remains the only person charged with any offence. In response to the latest arrests, the DUP threatens to resign from the Executive if the Assembly is not adjourned or suspended until the crisis is resolved.
September 10: A woman is arrested in connection with the McGuigan murder - the 17th person detained. The DUP bid to adjourn the Assembly is defeated after Sinn Féin, the SDLP and the UUP vote it down. In response, Mr Robinson announces he is to stand aside and three of his four Executive ministers are to resign with immediate effect.