Suspension of the Assembly a familiar story since peace
Published 11/09/2015 | 02:30
Suspension of the Assembly was an all too familiar feature of power-sharing in Northern Ireland in the first stumbling years after the Good Friday peace agreement of 1998.
The last period of direct rule from Westminster ended in 2007 with Sinn Féin's and the DUP's historic deal to head up a new coalition government.
Despite the many travails of that administration, the shape of which was reaffirmed in the 2011 election, the institutions have managed to stay afloat without interruption for eight years.
The four suspensions since the Good Friday Agreement were:
Secretary of State Peter Mandelson suspends the Assembly after the UUP/SDLP-led executive fails to strike a deal on IRA decommissioning. The institutions are restored in May after the IRA pledges to "completely and verifiably" put its arsenal beyond use.
In the absence of progress on decommissioning and despite proposals from the British and Irish governments, outlined at Weston Park, Northern Ireland Secretary John Reid suspends devolution for 24 hours. The step was a political manoeuvre that effectively gave the parties a six-week period to find a way forward on the thorny decommissioning problem.
With the IRA having pledged to intensify engagement with an international panel set up to monitor decommissioning, Mr Reid (above) triggers another suspension to give parties room to get powersharing back on track.
Sinn Féin's offices at Stormont are raided by the police as part of an investigation into an alleged IRA spy ring at the heart of government. A major political crisis erupts and 10 days later Mr Reid suspends devolution and announces the return of direct rule by UK Government ministers.
London-based ministers would retain control of running executive departments until 2007, when the then DUP leader Dr Ian Paisley (above) and Martin McGuinness entered power.