Motorists renewing their driving licence will be issued with new plastic cards from today.
Groups involved in taking photographs say at least 500 jobs will be lost in the change from paper to plastic.
Swiss-based multinational SGS has been appointed by the Road Safety Authority (RSA) to operate the system in Ireland.
From September, motorists will have to attend an SGS centre to have their photo taken. A roll-out of centres will take place over the coming months.
But pharmacists and photo-booth operators claim at least 500 jobs will be lost with the move to the new style of licence.
Affected business leaders will meet the RSA on Monday to spell out how this will impact on photography shops, pharmacies and camera shops.
"The future of the high-street and photo-booth photo business is seriously under threat," said Tadhg Foley of Photo ID Professionals.