A university study has found racism is prevalent in Ireland, with more than half of foreigners experiencing some form of discrimination including assault and racist insults.
Gardai, university staff, teachers and local politicians were among public figures accused of racist behaviour, according to research conducted by a UCD academic.
It found 60pc of those surveyed had been subjected to or witnessed racist acts.
While the majority of racist incidents reported occurred on the street, the report also found many incidents took place in garda stations, schools, hospitals and social welfare offices.
The report's author, Dr Patricia Kennedy of the School of Applied Social Science in UCD, concluded: "There seems to be no place free of racism, public or private."
Verbal attacks (71pc) and gestures (42pc) were the most common form of racism, while other complaints included threats (28pc), refusal of service (24pc), offensive graffiti (14pc) and damage to property (8pc).
The research published yesterday was commissioned by Doras Luimni, a charity working with migrants.
The interviews were held in Limerick over a month.
It found that under-reporting of racist incidents was also an issue, with 80pc of people who witnessed racism and discrimination not reporting it to authorities.
"Some of the reasons given for not reporting included not knowing where to report, lack of confidence in officials, including gardai, (and) an acceptance that racism exists and is tolerated," the report said.
Asylum seekers told researchers they didn't report racist abuse because they felt they had "no status" in Ireland.
One African man said: "You feel it every day. In the bus no one sits next to you if you are black. They stare at you.
"If you are black and you ask directions or information they just pass you. They don't answer. In many ways, in the church, in (my) parish, when you should greet each other, you give your hand and they don't take it. They distance themselves from you."
Verbal abuse included Africans being told to "go back," and the use of the words "n****r" and "monkey".
Victims said the physical abuse included being pelted with stones and eggs.
One African man said: "People stoned me and my friends on Limerick streets.
"On one particular occasion a friend was stoned by a very little boy of not more than five years old."
Some 112 people were interviewed as part of the research.
Dr Kennedy said those interviewed had "a genuine desire to be part of Irish society, but felt that institutional and everyday racism made them increasingly excluded".