Irishman who invented the submarine to be honoured
THE Irishman who invented the submarine in the mid-1800s is to be honoured at a special event next month.
John Philip Holland, a teacher at North Monastery in Cork, started with wooden models, with small quantities of explosives. His second design was intended to sink a Royal Navy warship as part of the fight for Irish independence.
His designs eventually led to the first working submarines for the United States, British, Japanese and Dutch navies.
The John Philip Holland commemoration will be staged in the National Maritime College of Ireland in Ringaskiddy, Co Cork. It will feature a contribution from Bruce Balistrieri, who runs the Paterson Museum in the US, which is now home to the Irishman's first two submarines.