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Wednesday 20 September 2017

Iran and UN agree nuclear monitoring deal

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani
Iran's President Hassan Rouhani

PA

Iran and the UN's nuclear chief have reached a deal to allow expanded monitoring of the country's nuclear sites, including at a planned reactor.

The agreement could boost wider negotiations over Tehran's atomic programme.

Although the deal is a step forward in Iran's cooperation with the UN nuclear watchdog agency, the initial "roadmap" for deeper inspections does not mention some of the sites most sought by UN teams, notably a military facility outside Tehran, to probe suspicions of nuclear-related work.

Iran was quick to promote the accord, announced at a joint news conference, as a sign of progress toward reaching a broader accord with the US and other world powers when talks resume next week. But the greater inspection access is set to unfold over a three-month timetable, which could encourage Western envoys yet may not be enough to bridge the range of differences that emerged during negotiations that stalled over the weekend.

The deal was struck during talks in Tehran with UN nuclear watchdog Yukiya Amano, whose initiative parallels more far-reaching efforts by the six world powers to reach an accord that would ease Western concerns that Iran could one day develop nuclear weapons.

US Secretary of State John Kerry dismissed claims of serious rifts within the six-nation bloc, saying their positions were united and Iran was not able to accept latest offers made during talks in Geneva "at that particular moment" - suggesting there was room for more progress at the next rounds beginning next week.

The pact reached certainly contributes to the chances of a larger deal. Inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency, or IAEA, have been working in Iran for years, but have complained of some limitations in reaching some sites and personnel.

The framework would give IAEA teams access to a key uranium mine and the site of a planned heavy water reactor, which produces a greater amount of plutonium than conventional reactors. Inspectors have already visited the reactor site, but seek more extensive probing.

The IAEA also received clearance for a visit to the Gachin uranium mine near the Persian Gulf port of Bandar Abbas, which also has been sought.

The deal also calls for Iran to provide more details on its nuclear programme including all planned research reactors. This is important because such facilities use 20% enriched uranium, which is the highest level acknowledged by Iran and a key aspect of the ongoing nuclear talks. Halting the 20% enrichment - which is several steps away from weapons-grade - is a key goal of Western envoys, for which they may offer Iran a possible easing of US-led sanctions.

But access to the planned heavy water site is perhaps the central concession of the package with the IAEA. During the weekend talks in Geneva between Iran and six world powers, France insisted that more controls were needed on the reactor under construction in the central city of Arak.

Plutonium can be used in nuclear weapons production, but separating it from the reactor by-products requires a special technology that Iran does not currently possess.

Press Association

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