Since 2005, judges in the North are selected by Northern Ireland Judicial Appointments Commission (NIJAC).
The commission, an independent public body, was set up in the wake of the Good Friday Agreement as part of a wide-ranging review of the North's criminal justice system.
After devolution in April 2010, NIJAC was given more statutory powers: it is now an appointing body with a say over the judicial complement and determining certain elements – non-financial – of some terms and conditions for judges.
The Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister is the NIJAC's sponsoring body. This office oversees the commission's governance and finance arrangements.
England and Wales:
Since 2006, judges in England and Wales (and some tribunals affecting Scotland and Northern Ireland) are selected by the Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC). The JAC is an independent commission formed "on merit, through fair and open competition, from the widest range of eligible candidates".
An executive non-departmental public body, sponsored by the UK's Ministry of Justice, the JAC was set up to maintain and strengthen judicial independence by taking responsibility for selecting candidates for judicial office out of the hands of the Lord Chancellor and making the appointments process clearer and more accountable.