Thursday 8 December 2016

'Binge-watch', 'clean eating' and 'shaming' among 2015 Words of the Year

The healthy-living new generation turn to clean eating and nights in, according to Collins

Hannah Furness

Published 05/11/2015 | 08:34

People like to binge-watch series on Netflix
People like to binge-watch series on Netflix

It is enough to leave you yearning for sex, drugs and rock'n'roll.

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The sensible lives of a new generation has led to a dramatic rise in phrases such as 'binge-watch', 'clean eating' and online 'shaming', it appears.

The terms have named among the Collins Dictionary 'words of the year', after experts noted a significant rise in their usage.

More than 90 per cent of television viewers now claim to indulge in 'binge-watching', otherwise known as staying in to view more than three episodes of a series in one day, usually online.

Scrabble
Scrabble

Experts also noted a rise in the use of the phrase 'clean eating', which refers to avoiding processed foods for a healthy, natural diet.

Both are particularly fashionable activities among the young, with social media platforms such as Instagram full of clean eating 'inspiration'.

Other terms identified by Collins include 'dadbod', which refers to the untoned male physique, 'ghosting', which means ending a relationship by simply ceasing contact without warning, and 'manspreading', the act of a man taking up too much room on public transport with splayed legs.

'Swipe' also makes an appearance on the list, reflecting the popularity of dating app Tinder, in which users can swipe their finger across the screen to approve or dismiss would-be dates.

Train commuters in Fukuoka, Japan demonstrate manspreading
Train commuters in Fukuoka, Japan demonstrate manspreading

The term 'transgender' has become increasingly popular, according to Collins, as well as 'contactless' for a new method of payment, and 'Corbynomics' after the new Labour leader.

'Shaming', the attempt to embarrass individuals online for their appearance or for causing a perceived offence, has also seen a significant rise in use since 2014, experts said.

Lexicographers noted a 200 per cent increase in the use of 'binge-watch' since last year, as they named it the Collins Word of the Year.

Helen Newstead, head of language content at Collins, said: "The rise in usage of 'binge-watch' is clearly linked to the biggest sea change in our viewing habits since the advent of the video recorder nearly 40 years ago.

"It's not uncommon for viewers to binge-watch a whole season of programmes such as House Of Cards or Breaking Bad in just a couple of evenings - something that, in the past, would have taken months - then discuss their binge-watching on social media."

 Earlier this year, the makers of Scrabble caused an outcry after 6500 new entries were added to its existing quarter of a million dictionary of allowed words.

The Scrabble tournament bible now includes high-scoring words such as 'shizzle', 'lolz' and 'bezzy' as well as abbreviations such as 'lotsa' for lots of, 'newb' for newbie and 'obvs' for obviously.

Here's the full list of words and definitions:

1    Binge-watch: to watch a large number of television programmes (especially all the shows from one series) in succession.

2    Clean eating: following a diet that contains only natural foods, and is low in sugar, salt, and fat.

3    Contactless: referring to payments, smart cards, etc that utilise RFID (radio-frequency identity) technology and do not require a PIN or signature from the customer.

4    Corbynomics: the economic policies advocated by the UK Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn.

5    Dadbod: an untoned and slightly plump male physique, especially one considered attractive.

6    Ghosting: ending a relationship by ignoring all communication from the other person.

7    Manspreading: the act or an instance of a male passenger in a bus or train splaying his legs in a way that denies space to the passenger sitting next to him.

8    Shaming: attempting to embarrass a person or group by drawing attention to their perceived offence, especially on social media.

9    Swipe: to move a finger across a touchscreen on a mobile phone in order to approve (swipe right) or dismiss (swipe left) an image.

10    Transgender: of or relating to a person whose gender identity does not fully correspond to the sex assigned to them at birth.

Bants, manspreading and brain fart - top 9 new additions to Oxford English Dictionary  

Telegraph.co.uk

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