Monday 5 December 2016

Bants, manspreading and brain fart - top 9 new additions to Oxford English Dictionary

Lucy Clarke-Billings

Published 27/08/2015 | 13:46

FUKUOKA, JAPAN - NOVEMBER 13: Train commuters in Fukuoka, Japan on November 13, 2013. Connected the city with Fukuoka airport, people can also use JR or subway for transportation in and out of the city
FUKUOKA, JAPAN - NOVEMBER 13: Train commuters in Fukuoka, Japan on November 13, 2013. Connected the city with Fukuoka airport, people can also use JR or subway for transportation in and out of the city

 The online Oxford dictionary has added 1,000 new words to its database.

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The latest additions were announced yesterday, highlighting the things we were talking about in the summer of 2015, such as inconsiderate commuters, solidified waste and unacceptable service charges.

Here are ten of the most unexpected words on the list:

1. manspreading (noun): the practice whereby a man, especially one travelling on public transport, adopts a sitting position with his legs wide apart, in such a way as to encroach on an adjacent seat or seat

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2. awesomesauce (adjective): extremely good; excellent

3. bants (noun): playfully teasing or mocking remarks exchanged with another person or group; banter

4. fat-shame (verb): cause (someone judged to be fat or overweight) to feel humiliated by making mocking or critical comments about their size

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5. Brexit (noun): a term for the potential or hypothetical departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union

6. bruh (noun): a male friend (often used as a form of address)

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7. cakeage (noun): a charge made by a restaurant for serving a cake they have not supplied themselves

8. fatberg (noun): a very large mass of solid waste in a sewerage system, consisting especially of congealed fat and personal hygiene products that have been flushed down toilets

9. Grexit (noun): a term for the potential withdrawal of Greece from the eurozone (the economic region formed by those countries in the European Union that use the euro as their national currency)

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New words, senses, and phrases are added to OxfordDictionaries.com once editors have gathered enough independent evidence from a range of sources to be confident that they have widespread currency in English, but do not gain an entry into the Oxford English Dictionary unless continued historical use can be shown.

Fiona McPherson, senior editor of Oxford Dictionaries, said the addition of multiple slang words did not represent a dumbing down of English, but showed "creative" use of language.

She said: "There's always been new slang words. I just think we are more aware of them because of the ways in which we consume and live our lives now.

"We are bombarded with more and more avenues where those sort of words are used and we just think that there are more of them. I don't necessarily think that's the case.

"From my point of view, as a leixcographer, it's not really about dumbing down, it's more creative ways that people are using language."

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