Tuesday 6 December 2016

VW made more than one 'defeat device'

Andreas Cramer

Published 19/10/2015 | 02:30

Michael Horn, Volkswagen's US chief
Michael Horn, Volkswagen's US chief

Volkswagen made several versions of its "defeat device" software to rig diesel emissions tests, according to three people familiar with the matter, potentially suggesting a complex deception by the German carmaker.

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Volkswagen made several versions of its "defeat device" software to rig diesel emissions tests, according to three people familiar with the matter, potentially suggesting a complex deception by the German carmaker.

During seven years of self-confessed cheating, Volkswagen altered its illegal software for four engine types, said the people, who include a VW manager and a US official close to a probe into the company. VW declined to comment on whether it developed multiple defeat devices, citing ongoing investigations by the company and authorities in both regions.

Some industry experts and analysts said several versions of the defeat device raised the possibility that a range of employees were involved. Software technicians would have needed regular funding and knowledge of engine programmes, they said. The number of people implicated is a key issue for investors because it could affect the size of potential fines and the extent of management change at the company, said Arndt Ellinghorst, an analyst at banking advisory firm Evercore ISI.

Its US chief, Michael Horn, said he believed "a couple of software engineers" were responsible, while a letter dated October 8 from VW to the European Parliament blamed "the misconduct of a few people".

Irish Independent

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