Greece puts off IMF payment; European shares tumble
Published 05/06/2015 | 02:30
Greece delayed repayment of an IMF loan on Friday and a deputy minister said the government might call snap elections if its creditors do not soften their terms, an option that an opinion poll showed four of ten Greeks support.
European shares dropped on Friday, setting a regional index on course for its steepest weekly fall so far this year as the Athens stock market slid after Greece delayed a debt payment.
Greece's benchmark Athex General Composite (ATG) index tumbled 4.7 percent, underperforming a 1 percent decline on the pan-European FTSEurofirst 300 index, which was on track for its biggest weekly decline since December.
Switzerland's Syngenta was among the worst performers on the FTSEurofirst, retreating 2.8 percent on worries about regulatory hurdles for its deal with U.S. agrochemicals firm Monsanto.
Greece delayed the payment to the International Monetary Fund, due on Friday, as Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras demanded changes to tough terms from international creditors for aid to stave off default.
The lingering uncertainty over Greece's debt problems has come against a volatile market backdrop in which yields on German Bunds rose to eight-month highs earlier this week.
Mike Reuter, a trader at brokerage Tradition, backed staying "short" - namely betting on further falls - on equities while the Greek situation remained unclear.
London Capital Group's head analyst Brenda Kelly added that investors remained unconvinced by the Greek government.
"Assurances from Prime Minister Tsipras that Greece will remain in the euro have not exactly soothed investor sentiment today," said Kelly.
Raiising the stakes in its acrimonious negotiations with international creditors, Greece has decided to postpone payment of the 300 million euro ($338 million) loan -- a highly unusual step, but one that does not yet signal a formal default.
The surprise decision was taken on Thursday, just hours after Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras was presented with a tough compromise deal from lenders that crossed many of his 'red lines', including tax hikes, privatisations and pension reform.
The offer is aimed at staving off imminent bankruptcy, but it has triggered fury in Greece's ruling Syriza party and early elections would be a way to seek public legitimacy for the difficult decisions needed to secure more cash.
Greece's bailout expires at the end of June and if no cash-for-reforms deal is done by then, default would seem certain, shunting the euro zone into uncharted waters and opening the way for Greece to exit the single currency.
The Athens stock market fell 3.2 percent in early trade on Friday, while yields on Greek and lower-rated euro zone bonds headed higher in a sign of growing investor unease.
Tsipras, elected in January on a promise to end years of grinding austerity, is due to brief parliament at 1500 GMT, with his party showing little willingness to back down.
"The lenders want to impose hard measures. If they do not back down from this package of blackmail, the government ... will have to seek alternative solutions, elections," Deputy Social Security Minister Dimitris Stratoulis, a hardliner in the government, told Antenna TV.
Greek Economy Minister George Stathakis said the latest deal, drawn up earlier this week by top level officials, including German Chancellor Angela Merkel, was unacceptable, but stressed that his country did not want to leave the euro zone.
"Our government has a mandate to remain in the euro and get a better deal to ... try to change the terms of the agreement that we have with European partners," he told BBC radio. "Greece has to remain within the euro."
An opinion poll published on Friday on the website Newsit showed that three out of four Greeks wanted to stay in the 19-nation euro zone, while almost one in two was in favour of the government reaching a compromise deal.
Some 37 percent of people questioned in the Alco survey supported early elections to resolve the standoff.
"It is more likely that there will be elections than not," Costas Panagopoulos, head of ALCO pollster, told Greek radio.
Tsipras had indicated late Wednesday that Athens would hand back the IMF loan on Friday, but less than 24 hours later, his government changed direction, deciding instead to bundle together some 1.6 billion euros it owes the Washington-based lender in June into a single payment at the end of the month.
It was the first time in five years of crisis that Greece has postponed a repayment on its 240 billion euro bailouts from euro zone governments, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
The IMF said the manoeuvre was unorthodox, but permissible.
Stratoulis, close to the far-left of the Syriza party, made clear the decision was a negotiating tactic.
"The government's move is a message that it wants to wait and see how far they (lenders) will take it, if they will back off from this unreasonable, inhumane, colonialist package they are proposing," he said.
French Finance Minister Michel Sapin said Paris wanted to avoid a showdown and suggested that compromise was possible.
"Things are on the table, deals are possible, dialogue is necessary," he told reporters in Paris.
An EU source said Tsipras could return to Brussels for further talks late on Friday night or Saturday, possibly along with top IMF and ECB officials
Time is running out to clinch a deal and get desperately needed further disbursements approved by national parliaments, some of which have appeared highly reluctant to offer Greece much budget slack, before the bailout programme expires.
With Europe's big powers, and the United States, concerned about the unpredictable outcome as Greek reserves shrink toward zero, sources said the creditors had showed some flexibility this week by lowering the budget surplus that Athens will be required to run before debt service payments.
Sources familiar with the proposal said they now sought a primary surplus of 1 percent of gross domestic product this year and 2 percent next year. Greece has offered 0.8 percent this year and 1.5 percent in 2016. However, since the Greek economy has fallen back into recession, lowering tax revenues, the lower target will still require painful retrenchment.
Meanwhile, Jeroen Dijsselbloem, the head of the Eurogroup, said on Friday that any counter-proposals by the Greek government to a budgetary reform plan put forward by its creditors this week must be financially sound.
"If they come with alternative proposals, they need to be financially sound and make economic sense," said Dijsselbloem, who is also the Netherlands finance minister, speaking outside a Dutch cabinet meeting.
Greece is negotiating over its budget with European governments, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank to release bailout funds and avoid a default.