Greece, foreign lenders close in on deal to unlock aid
Greece is likely to reach a deal with foreign lenders on its latest bailout review before a meeting of euro zone finance ministers on Monday to decide on further aid, EU and Greek officials said today.
Athens has been in talks with inspectors from the European Union, European Central Bank and International Monetary Fund "troika" for nearly a week to show it can deliver on its pledges after failing to meet public sector reform targets.
Greece hopes euro zone finance ministers will free up its next €8.1bn tranche of aid when they meet on Monday because it needs part of the money to redeem about €2.2bn of bonds in August.
Bailed out twice by its foreign lenders, Greece relies on foreign aid to keep afloat. Failure to successfully conclude its bailout review could push it close to bankruptcy once again, triggering a new upsurge in the euro zone crisis.
"We made very good progress," Poul Thomsen, head of the International Monetary fund's mission to Greece told reporters on Sunday, adding that he hoped talks would be concluded early on Monday before the Eurogroup meeting of finance ministers.
Greece's Finance Minister Yannis Stournaras also said he was optimistic of a deal on Monday morning. The two sides were due to leave Athens on Sunday, but could remain in touch to nail down final details.
The latest loan instalment is one of the last big cash injections that Greece stands to get as part of a €240bn rescue package that expires at the end of 2014.
EU Economic and Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn told Reuters in France that the negotiations were almost complete, but Athens needed to intensify efforts to deliver on reform commitments.
"The ball is in the Greek court and it depends on whether Greece is able to deliver the remaining elements of the milestones that have been agreed," he said.
He reiterated that aid for Greece could be split into instalments. Lenders have become increasingly frustrated with Greece's slow pace of shrinking the civil service and making it more efficient and less corrupt.
Talks with the troika stumbled last week over a missed June deadline to put 12,500 state workers into a "mobility scheme", under which they are transferred or laid off within a year, but an agreement was finally reached on Saturday.
"The troika gave Greece an extension of a few months," an official at the administrative reform ministry said on Sunday. "A second wave of another 12,500 staff will be placed in the scheme until the end of the year."
Other issues discussed with the troika included ways to cover a fiscal gap, including a shortfall of more than €1bn at state-run health insurer EOPYY, and a possible reduction in a sales tax for restaurants that Athens had sought as a concession from lenders.
Stournaras said the tax reduction issue remained on the table, adding that Athens managed to avoid further pay and pension cuts for military and police staff.