Three steps in the treatment of scouring calves
There are three main steps in the initial treatment of scouring calves, according to Animal Health Ireland. These are:
1. Separate the scouring calf
Remove the calf from the group. This helps prevent spread of infection and gives the calf a better chance to recover. Scouring suckler calves and their dams should be separated from other calves and their mothers.
2. Give oral rehydration solutions
The single most important treatment is to replace the salts and fluids that are lost with scour. Healthy calves need up to four litres of fluid per day and scouring calves need an additional four litres to replace lost fluids.
Give one or two extra feeds (two litres each) of a good quality oral rehydration solution as soon as the calf starts scouring and while it is scouring.
These should be given independent of the milk feeds (for example, at lunchtime and, if the diarrhoea is severe, again late in the evening).
You can safely give these solutions by stomach tube if the calf refuses or is unable to drink.