Thursday 27 October 2016

Emigration falls for the first time in ten years with 6pc drop

Published 04/09/2015 | 02:30

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Irish emigration fell for the first time in ten years in 2013 as the number of people who emigrated dropped by 6pc to 83,791.

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Ireland experienced a surge in emigration from 2006 onward before reaching a decade high of 89,436 in 2012.

According to the latest figures from Eurostat, immigration in Ireland has been creeping back up since a 39pc drop in 2009.

In 2013 immigration stood at 59,294, the highest figure recorded for the country since 2008.

Including the recent addition of rugby coach Joe Schmidt, Ireland saw its citizenship boosted in 2012 and 2013 as the acquisition of Irish passports jumped to 25,039 in 2012 - an increase of over 14,000.

The figures correlate with the continually decreasing unemployment rate. The Central Statistics Office (CSO) says unemployment stands at 9.5pc.

Unemployment saw accelerated growth begin in 2008 before taking off in 2009. It reached a high of 15.1pc in December of 2010. It then moved between 14pc and 15pc until January 2013 where a steady reduction began.

Outside of Ireland the effects of financial crises in Greece and Spain are evident in their unemployment, immigration and emigration figures.

Spain saw its unemployment rate rocket to over 26pc in 2013 which is reflected in the country's emigration statistics as people exited the country.

Over half a million people emigrated from Spain in 2013 which was an increase on the previous three years which all saw more than 400,000 people leave the country.

Immigration to Spain was 280,772 in 2013, which pales in comparison to the pre-crash high of 958,266 in 2007.

Ireland is worse than 16 other EU countries in terms of its unemployment rate.

It is identical to the EU 28 average for unemployment. Germany's unemployment rate is the lowest in Europe at 4.7pc, 0.4pc lower than the next closest countries Czech Republic and Malta, where unemployment rates both stand at 5.1pc.

Eurostat estimates that 23.1m people were unemployed across Europe in July of this year. They say that the number of people who were unemployed decreased by 232,000 between June and July.

In 2014 unemployment fell across the EU by 0.7pc to 10.2pc. This contrasts to the US whose rate fell for the fourth consecutive year to 6.2pc.

Eurostat also released figures for job vacancies across Europe in the first quarter of 2015. Countries were given a job vacancy rate that compares the amount of job vacancies to the amount of posts filled.

On this score, Ireland is amongst the worst European countries with a job vacancy rate of just 1pc. It lagged behind the UK and Germany at the top end of the scale which boasted job vacancy rates of 2.9pc.

Youth unemployment rates across the EU are typically much higher than the general rate.

Before the crash youth unemployment hit a low of 15.2pc however it quickly rose after Q2 of 2008 and stood at 21.4pc in Q4 of 2014.

Youth unemployment in Ireland is 23.9pc, nearly double that of the country's general unemployment rate.

Across the EU the general unemployment rate rose in six member states between 2013 and 2014, dropped in 19 and remained stable in three, being France, Croatia and Luxembourg. Eurostat say that long-term unemployment remains a main concern for policymakers.

Irish Independent

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