Norwich winger Anthony Pilkington, who has impressed for his club in the Barclays Premier League over the past two seasons, receives a first call-up, while West Ham keeper Stephen Henderson and Derby trio Richard Keogh, Jeff Hendrick and Conor Sammon will also hope to win first caps.
Aston Villa defender Richard Dunne has been named in the squad, but a final decision on his inclusion will be made closer to the match as he is yet to play this season because of groin and hip problems.
Trapattoni said: "I have decided to use this friendly game as an opportunity to work with younger players to see their potential. As a result, I have given senior players like Robbie Keane and Stephen Kelly a break for this fixture."
Trapattoni was due to travel to Dublin to give a press conference but has stayed in Italy following the death on Monday morning of his sister, Sister Romilde Trapattoni.
The manager said: "I am sorry that I couldn't make it to Dublin to announce the squad for the Poland game next month. It is important that I stay in Italy with family at this time after the passing of my sister this morning."
There is still plenty of experience in the squad but there is no place for record cap holder Shay Given. The Villa keeper, who retired after winning the last of his 125 caps in last summer's European Championships, has had a change of heart due to his lack of club action but is still struggling with a hamstring injury.
Ireland squad to face Poland in friendly at the Aviva Stadium, Dublin, on February 6: Westwood ( Sunderland), Forde ( Millwall), Henderson (West Ham), Coleman ( Everton), O'Shea (Sunderland), O'Dea ( Toronto), McShane (Hull), Ward (Wolves), Clark (Aston Villa), Dunne (Aston Villa),
Keogh (Derby), Cunningham ( Bristol City), Pilkington (Norwich), Hendrick (Derby), McCarthy (Wigan), Meyler (Hull), Whelan (Stoke), Keogh (Millwall), McGeady (Spartak Moscow), McClean (Sunderland), Brady (Hull), Hoolahan (Norwich), Doyle (Wolves), Cox (Nottm Forest), Walters (Stoke), Long (West Brom), Sammon (Derby).