The report in to child abuse has found that religious congregations are not prepared to accept responsibility for the abuse perpetrated by their members.
The long-awaited report finds that the State's system of inspection for schools and other institutions was fundamentally flawed and that complaints made by parents and others were not properly investigated.
It recommends that management should be held accountable for the abuse and that proper counselling should be provided to victims.
It also recommends that a memorial should be erected for the victims with the words of the then Taoiseach Bertie Ahern's apology on behalf of the State in 1999.
The Commission has spent the past ten years examining the abuse of children in schools and religious institutions since the 1940s.
Chairperson of the Commission Mr Justice Sean Ryan made a statement at the opening of the press conference: